2018 New York State Vehicle & Traffic Law Quick Chart

04 Jan

Welcome to the 2018 New York State

Vehicle & Traffic Law Quick Chart online Reference Guide.



Starting January of 2017, the book version will no longer be printed. The electronic edition is FREE, FREE, FREE. NO NEED TO REGISTER.  Just start searching.  I will provide updates as they become available, on almost a monthly basis.

Since 1997, I have published the Quick Chart in book form to assist Judges and Attorneys in researching the New York State Vehicle & Traffic Law.   In 2011, this website was created to make the Quick Chart even more accessible.

The New York State V & T Quick Chart is a quick reference to penalties, fines and license and registration consequences.

Whether you’re a Judge, an experienced attorney or just starting out, an insurance professional, police officer, drivers ed teacher or other practitioner needing to research the New York State Vehicle & Traffic Law, you will find this guide to be a resource of tremendous value.

You will find answers to the most often asked questions:

  • How many points is this violation?
  • What are the possible fines?
  • Can I go to jail?
  • What could happen to my license and registration?

One downside of the FREE online version is that the portion of the proceeds from the sale of the book and online version that I donated to the Wounded Warrior Project will no longer be coming in.  The second will be that the website will now have advertising on it.

I am requesting that you voluntarily donate whatever amount you wish, to the Wounded Warrior Project, or any other charity you desire, directly from you to the charity.

Since August 1st 2015, I have donated $5 from every book and website access sale (totaling over $1800) for the New York State Vehicle & Traffic Law Quick Chart to the Wounded Warrior Project, which serves the needs of injured service members from the current conflicts. 

I am in no way affiliated with this organization.  It is just my way of helping the men and women that defended our freedom. 

If you would like more information on this very worthy charity, you can find it at

Thank you for supporting our troops and my publication.



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Posted in Front Page


Search Tips and Updates – Updated as of June 6, 2018

06 Sep





Quick Tips for Navigating

CONTROL F” on Windows computers and “COMMAND F” on Apple computers will bring up your search window.

These work MUCH better then the search window in the upper right corner (which I cannot remove)

No matter where you are on the website, just click on in the upper left hand corner to bring you back to the front page.

I have been monitoring the searches.  The search engine does not respond to questions, but looks for key words  The shorter the search string, the better. 

THE best way to find your information is by using the VTL section number if you know it. There is no need to type in “NYS VTL” or any variation. Just type in the section number, for example 1192.1. Again, the shorter the search, the better.  

NEXT is by key word or phrase, such as “speeding” or “speeding in zone.” Long phrases will give too many hits.

The index is also very helpful to narrow down your search.  The index will show the section number.

When you have found your violation, by clicking on the word “Chart” next to it, you will be brought to the associated Chart showing the fines and penalties.

The search function will bring up the page or pages your request is on. 

For new attorneys and those not well versed in the VTL and DMV regulations, I suggest visiting the DMV website  as it has a wealth of information.  I have found that it is not always current, however, It is a very good starting point for your research.

Please feel free to email me with suggestions, corrections or something you would like to see added to the chart.



2017 Updates

May 2017

Adds Article 44-B, Transportation Network Company Service (ex: UBER, LYFT) – Effective April 29, 2017

Adds Section 518 – Reciprocal agreements concerning suspension or revocation of registration of a motor vehicle for violations of toll regulations.  Effective immediately (April 10, 2017)

Adds 600.1(i) – requires a TNC driver….  (see Article 44-b, above) to produce proof of insurance coverage.  See 600.1(i) for fines.

Adds 600.2(i) – add TNC driver.  Fines remain the same

1809.8  Extends the date for Mandatory Surcharges to September 1, 2019



2016 Updates

October 2016

Effective November 1, 2016

117-a – Hazard Vehicle – adds sani-van and garbage truck to definition.  see 1180-e below for further explanation.

Effective August 31, 2016

401.13(d) – adds “for the purpose of transporting the motor vehicle, trailer or semi-trailer at the time of first receipt from its point of sale to a farm…”

Effective September 19, 2016

1131 – Driving on shoulders.  Allows tow trucks to use the shoulder when dispatched to the scene of an accident by a law enforcement agency.

Effective November 1, 2016

1180-e – adds sani-van and garbage truck to to the list of vehicles and hazards that must be approached at the appropriate reduced speed.



Effective November 1, 2016

Navigation Law 49-a.2, paragraph (a), (f) amended, 49-a.5-a added.

Known as Tiffany Heitkamp’s Law, 49-a.5-a adds that the Court shall consider any prior 1192 .2, 2-a, 3, 4, 4-a convictions when sentencing a Boating While Intoxicated defendant.

Effective January 17, 2017

1144-a – Approaching parked, stopped or standing emergency vehicles, amended to add “vehicle displaying a blue or green light”.

1144-a.c (New Section)  …to exercise due care to avoid colliding with a vehicle displaying a blue or green light…

August 2016

Points – NYCRR 131.3(b)(4)(iv).  Point value increased from 3 to 5 points for “any violation involving a railroad crossing”.  Effective August 24 2016

May 2016

501.2(b)(iv) – Adds a P endorsement for operating a bus…. or a motor vehicle with a GVWR over 26,000 pounds and is designed to carry passengers in commerce – effective April 12, 2016

501.2(b)(vi) – Farm endorsement on license repealed – effective April 12, 2016

2015 Updates

Effective August 1, 1 2015

Starting August 1st 2015, I will be donating $5 from every book and website access sale for the New York State Vehicle & Traffic Law Quick Chart to the Wounded Warrior Project, which serves the needs of injured service members from the current conflicts. 

I am in no way affiliated with this organization.  It is just my way of helping the men and women that defended our freedom. 

If you would like more information on this very worthy charity, you can find it at

Thank you for supporting my publication and our troops,

Mike Sackett


Effective July 8, 1 2015

Transportation  Law 140.2c(vii) new section- No person or corporation… shall allow, permit, require… any person to operate a CMV when that operator does not have a CDL, CDL permit, correct endorsement, … or has their CDL or CDL permit suspended or revoked

VTL 510.6o – new section – mandatory revocation of CDL or CDL permit if in violation of section 392


2014 Updates

Effective July 25, 1 2014

1180-c – Nassau and Suffolk Counties.  Owner liability for failure of operator to comply with posted maximum speed limits in a school speed zone – Photo Speed Monitoring System

Effective November 1 2014

510.2b(xvi) – If in violation of 1225-c & 1225-d with a probationary license, probationary license is revoked for 120 days

510.2b(xvii) – If in violation of 1225-c & 1225-d while holding a class DJ or MJ learners permit or a class DJ or MJ license.  Learners permit or license is revoked for 120 days

1225-c & 1225-d – Maximum fines increasing for 1st, 2nd and 3rd violations

1193.1(c)(ii-a) Paragraph added known as Vince’s Law – increases penalties and jail time for 1192 violation in certain circumstances.  See Chart Z and AA


2013 Updates


Effective June 1, 2013

Point values for 1225-c and 1225-d, mobile phones and electronic devices, increased from 3 points to 5 points


Effective July 26, 2013


Provisions for suspending a drivers license for failure to pay past due tax liabilities

1225-c and 1225-d

New fine structure for use of mobile phones and electronic devices

1809 – Surcharges

1809-e – increases the additional surcharge fro $20 to $28

1809-aa – Mandatory surcharge for a violation of sections 1200, 1201, or 1202 of the VTL


Effective February 13, 2013

15 NYCRR 3.2

The DMV added the “Problem Driver A2 Endorsement” for class D licenses, the purpose of which is to “deny relicensure to persistently dangerous offenders who pose the highest risk to the general public.”


15 NYCRR 132

The DMV also added new Part 132 to the Regulations of the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, Dangerous Repeat Alcohol or Drug Offenders.

2012 Updates 



2012 Sessions Laws Chapter 9 section 24 increased the fines for Unlawful Solicitation of Ground Transportation at an Airport.


Transportation Law 140.2(c)

2012 Sessions Laws Chapter 59 Section 6, Part G re-lettered Transportation Law section 140.2(d) to 140.2(c).  This is the Commercial Motor Vehicle safety violation section that the U.T.T’s. are written under.


2012 Sessions Laws Chapter 58 Section 5 part D added new VTL section 509.7-a, Operating a Commercial Motor Vehicle while not medically certified.  


404-a now allows an optomistrist to issue a certificate of disability.  Not listed in the Quick Chart.  For information only

1116(d) was re-lettered has now become 1116(e) – Traveling in a lane controlled by a red X signal

1127(b) replaced the words “traffic island” with “circular intersection”

1685 – Failure to stop at a RR grade crossing adds the word “yield” .  It now becomes Failure to stop or yield…

Link to September 25, 2012 letter from Gov. Cuomo announcing DMV regulations to to keep drivers with a history of repeat alcohol or drug related driving convictions off the road.


Search for “Load Securement”  made more prominent.


2011 Updates

Ignition Interlock Devices – 1198

2011 Session Law Chapter 57 Section 6 of (Part A) extends the “remain in effect date” until 9/1/13

Surcharges – 1809.8

2011 Session Law Chapter 57 Section 14 of (Part A) lowers surcharge amounts for certain violations of the VTL effective 9/1/2011 until 9/1/13.  These have already been noted on this website since January 2011

Use of Electronic Devices While Driving – 1225.d.6

2011 Session Law Chapter 109 Section 1 takes out language requiring “that a summons for operating a motor vehicle in violation of this section shall only be issued when there is reasonable cause to believe that the person operating such motor vehicle has committed a violation of the laws of this state other than a violation of this section.”

In other words, you do not have to be stopped for another violation before you can be given a summons for using a portable electronic device

509-cc.4(a), (b), and (c)

2011 Session Laws Chapter 400 Section 1.  Several sections of the Penal Law were added to the above sections to either permanently disqualify a person from becoming a school bus driver or disqualifies that person for 5 years.  See statute for numerous violations.

Additions to this section become effective 2/12/2012


2011 Session Laws Chapter 458 Section 3  adds “hazard vehicle” to the section. 1144-a now has 2 parts, a & b.  Part “a” contains the same text as the original 1144-a.  In a nutshell, exercising due care to avoid a collision with an emergency vehicle.  Part “b” adds the same exercising due care to avoid a collision with a “hazard vehicle.”

Part “a” already in effect, part “b” becomes effective 1/1/2012





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Posted in UPDATES



16 Feb



Motorcycle Headlamp Modulation

For those attorneys that don’t regularly represent motorcyclists, some Police agencies are unaware of the legality of modulating headlights and mistakenly give out tickets for this equipment. The following sections can be used when representing someone that has been cited.

49 CFR 571.108 S7.9.4. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards This allows motorcycle headlight modulation in all 50 States.

Title 49 USC 30103 (b1) prohibits any state from forbidding a system that conforms to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards section 108.

If you would like to add to the FYI, please email me your information with citations. If you would like to be given credit, please include your name and website and I will list them.

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Posted in Front Page



21 Dec


Chart Directory
Vehicle & Traffic Violations (General)Pages 1 - 76
Snowmobile / motorboats
limited use / ATV's
Pages 62 - 67
Common Boating ViolationsPages 68 - 76
Commercial Motor Vehicle ViolationsPages 77 - 78
Hours of operation / Log BooksPage 79
Highway & Fuel Use TaxPage 80
Idling prohibition of Heavy Duty VehiclesPage 81
Emissions Inspection of Heavy Duty VehiclesPage 82
Penalty ChartsChart A to Chart Hazmat CMV
Pages 83 to 127
General DWI ConcernsPage 112-a
Representing a Multiple Alcohol and Drug Related OffenderPage 112-b
License, Registration, Revocation & Suspension ChartPage 128
Driver Responsibility Assessment FeePage 112-a
SurchargesPage 129
IndexPage 130
DMV LettersPages 131-132


Posted in How to



21 Dec


ATraffic Infractions
A-1 Stopping or a hydrant impeding a fire vehicle during an emergency
A-2Mobile phones and portable electronic equipment
CUninspected Vehicle
DService brake disconnection
EAudio amplification
FUnsecure Load
G-1 Dimensions and weights
G-2 Weights of 3 axle vehicles
G-3 Weights of 3 axle vehicles (NYC)
G-4 Excessive weight on axles
G-5 Excessive weight on axles (NYC)
HRegistration Fines
ILicense violations
JAggravated Unlicensed Operation
KFacilitating Aggravated Unlicensed Operation
L Operating vehicle while License or Registration revoked or suspended
MLeaving The Scene of an accident
NLeaving The Scene, animals
O-1 Red Light Violations (cities < 1 million)
O-2 Red Light Violations (cities > 1 million)
PEmergency Vehicle Approaching
Q Railroad Crossing Violation
RPassing School Bus
SImprudent Speed
T Speeding
URadar Detectors (Vehicles over 18,000 lbs.)
VSpeed Contests
WReckless Driving
XGround Transportation Violations
Z DWI or impaired by drugs
AA Special Vehicle-Alcohol and Drug
DDOperator under 21; consumed alcohol
EE Chemical Test Refusal
Boating AMisdemeanors
Boating BViolation
Boating CBoating while ability impaired
Boating DBoating while intoxicated or impaired by drugs
Boating ERegulations for personal watercraft
Boating FLivery regulations for personal watercraft
Chart CMVCommercial Motor Vehicles / Load Securement (the most popular)
Chart CMV Farm Plated Vehicles
Chart HazmatCommercial Motor Vehicles


Posted in How to